Loury: The Dynamics of Statistical Discrimination

Economists have developed theoretical models identifying self-fulfilling expectations as an important source of statistical discrimination practices. The authors finds that if group members can coordinate their expectations about future employer behavior, a group with a poor initial collective reputation may still be unable to recover its reputation, implying that the once-developed discriminatory outcomes can be long-standing. With Kim; 2018.

Aizer: Lead and Juvenile Delinquency

The authors find that a one-unit increase in lead increased the probability of suspension from school by 6.4-9.3 percent and the probability of detention by 27-74 percent, though the latter applies only to boys. With Currie; 2017

Michalopoulos: Islam, Inequality and Pre-Industrial Comparative Development

This study explores the interaction between trade and geography in shaping the Islamic economic doctrine in its first few centuries. The authors show that in such an environment it was mutually beneficial to institute an economic system of income redistribution featuring income transfers in return for safe passage to conduct trade. Naghavi and Prarolo; 2016.