Injury and Poisoning

kid-386642_1920.jpgThe Injury and Poisoning projects use data from hospitals and national surveys to assess various outcomes, with Lifespan's Injury Prevention Center serving as a key partner.

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The Injury outcomes that are being studied include a) neighborhood risk factors for pediatric fall-related injuries b) the association of neighborhood liquor stores and socioeconomic risk with adolescent emergency department visits c) frequent emergency department use by children d) national pediatric ED utilization and reliance by insurance coverage and d) national ED visits owing to traumatic brain injury among infants.

The Poisoning outcomes that are being studied include a) neighborhood disparities in lead poisoning b) patterns of lead screening and exposure in children born prematurely c) likelihood of inpatient admission in emergency department visits for pediatric burn patients in Rhode Island.

 

1. Neighborhood disparities in Lead Poisoning

This project involves statewide spatial analysis to assess the extent to which neighborhood-level disparities in lead poisoning persist in Rhode Island.

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2. Lead & Prematurity

This project compares patterns of lead screening and lead exposure among children born premature and full term, in Rhode Island.

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3. Fall-Related Injuries

This project assesses the association of neighborhood risk and the presence of public outdoor recreational facilities in each block group with pediatric fall rates.

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4. Liquor Stores & Teen ED Use

This project assesses the association of neighborhood risk and the presence of liquor stores in each block group with adolescent Emergency Department utilization rates.

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5. Frequent ED Use

This project assesses ED visit frequency by the demographic and health characteristics of children who visit the ED to better understand risk factors for high ED utilization.

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6. ED Use & Insurance Coverage

This project examines the annual ED utilization of children aged 0 to 17 years, by insurance coverage.

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7. Traumatic Brain Injury

This project compares intentional and unintentional injury mechanisms of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in infants and examined time trends for each.

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8. Burns

This project assesses the association of neighborhood risk with inpatient admission following an emergency department visit for burns.

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