ED Use & Insurance Coverage

Utilizing nationally representative data from the 2010 to 2014 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, we examined the annual ED utilization of children aged 0 to 17 years, by insurance coverage. Overall utilization, repeat utilization (two or more ED visits), and ED reliance (percentage of all health care visits that occur in the ED) were examined. Health insurance coverage was associated with overall ED utilization, repeat ED utilization, and ED reliance. Demographic characteristics, including sex, age, income, and race/ethnicity were important predictors of ED utilization and reliance.