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A New Morocco: Amazigh Activism, Political Pluralism, and Anti-Anti-Semitism

Indigenous Political Actors
Paul Silverstein

For all the initial optimism about the rise of democracy in the Middle East and North Africa, the recent uprisings in the region (often termed"the Arab Spring") have come to be characterized in the West as a threat. European observers present the war in Libya, the broader instability in the region, and the seemingly new and uncontrollable tide of refugees and migrants across the Mediterranean as veritable crises on Europe's southern frontier.1 Meanwhile, Western security officials fear that the power vacuums created by the fall of authoritarian regimes in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, and Yemen will create openings for"radical" Islamist groups and al-Qaeda affiliates in particular.2 The storming of the Israeli embassy in Cairo and the burning of a synagogue in Tunisia seem to bode poorly for future Israeli security, and the rise of Iran and a newly asser- tive, independent-minded Turkey as regional power brokers appear to threaten an already tenuous Pax Americana.3