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Practicing Sustainable Self-Determination: Indigenous Approaches to Cultural Restoration and Reviltalization

Indigenous Political Actors
Jeff Corntassel
Cheryl Bryce

Today there are approximately 370 million indigenous people living in over 70 states throughout the world, constituting five percent of the global population. Eighty percent of all biodiversity on the planet thrives in the twenty-two percent of global territories home to indigenous peoples.1 Increas- ingly, researchers recognize that the same forces that threaten biodiversity also threaten indigenous peoples' longstanding relationships with their homelands and the health and well-being of native communities. Ongoing environmental destruction jeopardizes the sustainable relationships indigenous nations have practiced for thousands of years, including land-based and water-based cultural practices such as gathering medicines, hunting, fishing, and farming.