This paper contends that military interventions can produce both negative and positive consequences. To address this hypothesis, and to provide meaningful recommendations, the paper is organized as follows. First, a brief summary of the literature on the subject of third-party intervention is presented, allowing the reader to glean an understanding of the perimeter of findings on the subject of intervention in terms of motivations, application, and consequences. Second, having reviewed the research, the paper provides an integrated historical analysis of the ongoing conflict combined with an analysis of research findings to develop plausible prescriptions for policymakers in a live environment.
Steven R. Liebel is Assistant Professor of Political Science, specializing in International Relations, at Colo- rado State University, Pueblo. His research interests include warfighting dynamics, third-party involvement in ongoing wars, and insurgency. He is published in the field of International Relations, and, with Andrew J. Enterline, is co-author of “Negotiation, Mediation and Insurgent Victory in Counter-insurgency Wars Fought by Foreign Powers,” International Negotiations, 2014.