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China’s Uneasy Engagement with Intellectual Property Reforms during Its Globalization

Intellectual Property
Keith E. Maskus

Since opening itself to trade and launching modest domestic reforms in 1978, China has engineered an economic and social transformation unprec- edented by virtually any measure. China has evolved from an isolated and eco- nomically small nation to the world’s largest in terms of both real gross domestic product and export volume. In the process, it has moved hundreds of millions out of extreme poverty and built a large middle class, with pockets of great wealth.Remarkable transformations of economic activity have accompanied this rapid growth, first from agriculture to labor-intensive manufacturing and, more recently, to a growing share of technologically sophisticated industries and producer services.