The Department of Anthropology is home to a vibrant community of faculty, students, and staff broadly interested in the study of humanity, past and present. Brown's socio-cultural and linguistic anthropologists are engaged in ethnography across the globe. The department's anthropological archeologists are focused in the study of the material remains of the ancient, historic, and modern Americas.  Environmentally focused students can focus their studies on the relationship between humans and the natural world over time and space.

Current faculty and students are especially engaged in research related to issues of power, violence, politics, health, and population.