• The OMB issued a clarification memo in 2001 that stated "most Federally-funded research programs should have some level of committed faculty (or senior researcher) effort, paid or unpaid by the Federal government." In addition, The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Grants Policy Statement notes that "...'zero percent' effort or 'as needed effort; is not an acceptable level of involvement for 'key personnel'. These requirements do not apply to:
    • equipment/instrumentation awards
    • dissertation support, training grants or other awards intended to be student augmentation; and 
    • travel awards

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