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Ian Straughn

Islamic Archaeology

Archaeology and Religion

Islamic Landscapes

Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology



Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World
Brown University
Box 1837 / 60 George Street
Providence, RI 02912
Telephone: (401) 863-3188
Fax: (401) 863-9423
[email protected]

Posted at Feb 23/2007 11:02AM:
Zoe: Allat, Manat (also called Manah), and al-'Uzza are the three goddesses that with Hubal were the primary dieties of Mecca. Al-'Uzza, with the god Dushara, was also a primary diety of the Nabateans.

Posted at Mar 06/2007 01:40PM:
ian: They were also goddesses mentioned in the Quran which the prophet Muhammad refused to recognize as partners of the one God - a comprimise suggested by the Meccans.
In many ways they represent the religion of the jahilliya or "the time of ignorance" which the Muslims would come to describe as the time before Islam