For students in elementary school, literacy is a key to lifelong learning and opportunities for success. Effective elementary literacy instruction develops students' linguistic and cognitive abilities through the explicit integration of reading, writing, speaking, and listening into instruction across all content areas and activities. Oral language, reading, writing, and content instruction support and enrich each other. Students must be provided with experience in all these areas if they are to achieve success! This is true for all children and especially critical for ELLs.
The school curriculum poses many challenges to students for whom English is a second language (ESL). Effective teachers of ELLs understand these challenges and have a repertoire of teaching practices designed to scaffold learning in literacy, language, and the content areas. Effective teachers of ELLs engage students in activities where oral and written language build upon each other.
For information about ELL challenges and teaching practices click on the links below. The sections on oral language and writing are pertinent to grades K-6, while reading is presented by grade level.