Corrections, education

including information about incarceration, education, social justice and   criminal justice, women, arts work in prisons and the prison industrial complex

postage stamp: Antonio Gramsci

Search this site

LR/RI home

Advocacy

ESOL and  EL/Civics

Practitioner research

Learners

Learning, Dis/abilities

Links to resources
including
corrections education
intergenerational learning
workplace education

RI: learning centers and 
community resources 

Literature and learning

Practitioner,  resources

Technology and Learning

Women and literacy

Writing from the field


site map
 



recent additions:

Prison Studies Project bringing together students from Harvard and students in prison. Each is part of a curriculum for college credit; classes focus on urban sociology, race, ethics, and transformative learning.

Italian prisoners get cut sentences for reading as UK 'book ban' continues 8 May, 2014, the Independent

Women in Prison - ACLU resources

Schools and the New Jim Crow: An Interview With Michelle Alexander - Rethinking Schools interviews Michelle Alexander about the school to prison pipeline.

Transcending Through Education Foundation - The Foundation seeks to provide resources and support for incarcerated individuals in Rhode Island state prisons to obtain higher education. Through a powerful narrative of self-empowerment and giving back, the Foundation seeks to reverse the School-to-Prison Pipeline and establish the Prison-to-School Pipeline.

Adrian Clarke, in the Paris Review, encodes narratives and makes photos of formerly incarcerated women here.

Rhode Island Department of Corrections: Cost per Offender - FY 2012 Actual Expenditures (pdf document) -  Adrian Clarke, in the Paris Review, encodes narratives and makes photos of formerly incarcerated women here.

Loury, Rich serve on NAS imprisonment panel -  the National Academy of Sciences has convened a committee that counts Brown professors Glenn Loury and Josiah D. Rich among its members. They argue that imprisonment is often the consequence of society’s failure to address underlying noncriminal problems.  read more here.

Daily Comment, June 14, 2012: June 14, 2012
PRISONS, COLLEGES, AND THE PRIVATE-SECTOR DELUSION
Posted by Margaret Talbot - how privatization doesn't serve inmates, students or communities well

Arts in Prison: Lessons from the United Kingdom By Becky Mer - This report offers lessons from arts in criminal justice in the United Kingdom. Designed as a practitioner guide, this work draws on perspectives from arts practitioners, program participants, and staff at secure facilities, including prisons, secure hospitals, young offender institutions, and immigration detention centres. The report is supplemented by a directory of British programs and an extensive bibliography including books, publications, and films


Work after prison: One-year findings from the transitional jobs reentry demonstration is the first major evaluation of the multi-year "Transitional Jobs Reentry Demonstration" project funded by the Joyce Foundation.  MDRC is the lead evaluator in a team that includes the Urban  Institute and the University of Michigan. The project focuses on programs that provide temporary subsidized jobs, support services, and job placement help.  The project's purpose is to test transitional jobs as a promising approach to regular paid employment for ex-offenders and other disadvantaged groups.   

The 278-page report describes how the program was implemented--with more than 1,800 men assigned to it in four cities  It also looks at results in terms of employment and recidivism in the first year following entrance into the program.
 
A key general finding is that transitional jobs, as currently designed and operated, do not sufficiently help people get or retain permanent jobs, nor do they have an impact on recidivism. Only about one-third of the participants was employed in the formal labor market at the end of a year.  However, it is seen as a positive indicator that about 85 percent of the men assigned to the program actually worked in an income-subsidized transitional job, reflecting genuine  eagerness to work.  And the evaluators are inclined to think that subsidized transitional employment programs could be effective if they were strengthened with components that provide basic and workplace skills instruction and if better job- and post-placement services were built in.
The project website is posted at http://www.mdrc.org/project/transitional-jobs-reentry-demonstration#featured_content

The Caging of America Why do we lock up so many people? by Adam Gopnik in the New Yorker, 30 January, 2012


The Prison Arts Coalition - an independent space providing information and resources for people creating art in and around the American criminal justice system.

Prison Photography - words and images

University Behind Bars - seeks to replace incarceration with education and to build a society where all people are given the chance to transform themselves and their communities.

Teaching Film in Prison
- Utne Reader on Ann Snitow’s terrific essay in Dissent
Perspectives on Incarceration - Panel of the 2011 Theories in Action conference at Brown University

Tim Robbins' Actors' Gang -
September 18th LA TImes article; more about the Actors' Gang here.  another article,  Safety Valve for Inmates, the Arts, Fades in California, NY Times, 30 June, 2011.

Writers in Prison Network Ltd
puts writers and creative artists into prisons to deliver creative writing, drama, video, music, oral storytelling, journalism, creative reading and publishing programmes.

Bard prison initiative -  restoring higher-education to the prisons of New York.

Study: Prisons Lack Heroin Addiction Treatment Despite Proven Benefits http://news.brown.edu/pressreleases/2009/09/heroin

Some prisoners are confined to art - art with inmates at the Rhode Island Adult Correctional Institution.

The View From Inside: Why We Need Prison Reform - Blog post at change.org from Michael Santos, a federal inmate and the author of Inside: Life Behind Bars in America.

Professors lecture at Adult Correctional Institutions - a collaboration between Brown University and the RI Department of Corrections, a lecture series bringing professors to the ACI over the course of the semester to conduct lectures revolving around social issues that fall under the topic "Questions of Citizenship."

From prison to Ivy League law school - Today Show profile of Rhode Islander Andres Idarraga's learning journeys

The Second Chance Act of 2007 - federal legislation designed to ensure the safe and successful return of prisoners to the community, passed by the US Senate, March 11, 2008.

mapping, from the Providence Plan:
Cost to Incarcerate 2006 Sentenced Population -  the amount per neighborhood it costs to incarcerate the population sentenced to the Adult Correctional Institute in 2006, based on the address of residence in Providence. In 2006, 1,198 Providence residents were sentenced to the Adult Correctional Institute.

Participatory Literacy behind Bars: AIDS Opens the Door, (preview of) an article written by Kathy Boudin, Harvard Educational Review, Volume 63:2 (Summer 1993), and collected in Enriching ESOL Pedagogy: Readings and Activities for Engagement, Reflection, and Inquiry.

The National Center on Education, Disability and Juvenile Justice -  "examines the overrepresentation of youth with disabilities at-risk for contact with the courts or already involved in the juvenile delinquency system. We provide professional development and technical assistance, conduct research and disseminate resources in three areas of national significance:  prevention of school failure and delinquency,  education and special education for detained and committed youth, and  transition services for youth returning to schools and communities."

Prison Voices - "an inmate-written book, made to encourage reading and writing in prisons.  Within these pages twelve convict-authors reveal the dramatic details of their lives and their struggles."  Read more about the Prison Voices project here (scroll down to John Howard Society).  Teachers' guide now on line at http://www.nald.ca/clr/prison/cover.htm.  (Paperback edition here).

Prisoners HIV/AIDS support action network

activistscholarshiplists.riseup.net  - unmoderated listserv for academics dedicated to putting their scholarly work at the service of progressive movements, including anti-racist, feminist, environmental justice, economic justice, disability rights, anti-globalization and immigrant rights movements.  Postings on roles, dilemmas, costs, pedagogies and methodologies of activist scholarship are welcomed.

There's more to justice than prison - Alexander Provan profiles efforts to support reentry and otherwise address policy reform in Rhode Island and across the country.  Providence Phoenix, April 15-21, 2005.



Voices from the Days of Slavery: Former Slaves Tell Their Stories - interviews, photographs and related documents from the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.


Open Doors (formerly known as Rhode Island's Family Life Center) - resources to assist ex-offenders and their families by providing long-term holistic case management services starting prior to release from prison and extending up to 18 months thereafter.

The Blessing Way -  a faith-based 501c.3 providing personalized support and guidance for men and women reentering Providence, RI or the greater Providence area from prison or drug treatment facilities.

Re-Entry Policy Council -  resources, examination[s]of the many dimensions of prisoners returning home.



corrections education

Dr. Anita Wilson  - prison ethnographer whose general interests include all aspects of literacy-oriented activities, practices and artefacts within custodial settings.  Site includes links to her writing and other useful resources.

At-Risk Youth, Juvenile Justice, Violence Prevention, Youth Courts and Service-Learning: Selected Resources

Back to School: A Guide to Continuing your Education after prison; (PDF document); more about the resource (and others) here.

Changing Minds: The impact of college in a maximum-security prison with thanks to Andy Nash - multiauthor study of positive impact of college on incarcerated women.

Corrections EducationFocus on Basics, Volume 7, Issue D September 2005

NALD Corrections Collection - resources from the Canadian National Adult Literacy Database

Correctional Education Association

Correctional Service of Canada - including listings of programs and relevant resources.

Education Not Incarceration - a group of teachers, parents, students, and community members outraged by the current cuts in education funding.

The Fortune Society - "Staffed primarily by ex-prisoners, The Fortune Society is a not-for-profit community-based organization dedicated to educating the public about prisons, criminal justice issues, and the root causes of crime. We also help ex-prisoners and at-risk youth break the cycle of crime and incarceration through a broad range of services."

Intergenerational Literacy Programs for Incarcerated Parents and Their Families: A Review of the Literature
William R. Muth. Kent, OH: Ohio Literacy Resource Center, 2006. Muth reports on what we know about the effects of prison-based family literacy programs and argues for their careful expansion. http://literacy.kent.edu/cra/2006/wmuth/MuthIGinprison11.doc  (word document)



The European Prison Education Association - organisation "of prison educators, administrators, governors, researchers and other professionals whose interests lie in promoting and developing education and related activities in prisons throughout Europe in accordance with the recommendations of the Council of Europe."  Site includes research, resource, events and other links to related information.

Transition to the Community: Prison Literacy Programs and Factors Which Lead to Success in the Community - Prepared forHuman Resources Development Canada, National Literacy Secretariat  by Russell James Loewen  October 1997.  from the abstract: "Conclusions reached as a result of this research point to the importance of a safe and respectful prison school environment in order for learning to occur. The type of learning environment and subject content in prison schools are influenced, in part, by the philosophical orientation of teachers, prevailing penal philosophy, goals of the local prison administration, and the security level of the prison."
LINCS special collection - correctional education resources
English Language Instruction for Incarcerated Youth Margo DelliCarpini, Stony Brook University, May, 2003 NCLE digest

Field Notes, Volume 12, Prison Issue - adult educators' writings about teaching and learning in prisons.
Hard Road Home - An Independent Lens film documenting the work of  Exodus Transitional Community in East Harlem, and its work with men and women re-entering communities.
How Do You Spell Murder - a film by Alan and Susan Raymond documenting a literacy program at Trenton State Prison.


November 16, 2001  Inmate Education Is Found to Lower Risk of New Arrest by Tamar Lewin , New York Times.

[see also the Criminal Justice Initiative of the Soros Foundation, whose Open Society Institute undertook the study described in the article]


Incarceration to Inclusion : Looking at the  Transition from Correctional Facility Program to Community Based Adult Education  (overview) - abstract of a report written in Western Canada, due to be released online, PDF file.


Internet Resources for Correctional Educators - Louisian State Literacy Resource Center


Inmates help kids learn to read - Organizers of program hope to  sell idea to School District in upcoming meeting; project in British Columbia, Canada.


Interview with Christian Parenti on the US Prison System (and more on Parenti)


Literacy 2000 - Literacy/corrections conference site [April 30 - May 3, 2000]; describing the four cornerstones of correctional education:  literacy,  special learning needs,   technology and career development and teaching for independent learning, in English and French.

From the Educational Testing Service's Education Research Update: Locked Up and Locked Out: An Educational Perspective on the U.S. Prison Population - study describing "the rising prison population and its characteristics, examines the status of prison education programs and their impact, and describes programs that try to help ex-prisoners reenter society. (Policy Information Report. Authors: R.J. Coley and P.E. Barton)"



The [best of the] Other Side of the Wall - prison law, writings, criminal justice news, death penalty and links to a prison sites web ring


Office of Correctional Education (OCE) - information on funding & technical assistance for state & local correctional education agencies that provide quality educational programming to incarcerated individuals

Participatory Literacy behind Bars: AIDS Opens the Door, (preview of) an article written by Kathy Boudin, Harvard Educational Review, Volume 63:2 (Summer 1993), and collected in Enriching ESOL Pedagogy: Readings and Activities for Engagement, Reflection, and Inquiry.

Prison Literacy Programs, ERIC Digest no 159, by Sandra Kerka,  ED383859 . 1995.

and what happens when you enter Prison Literacy Programs as a google search.

Prisoners, literacy practices and politics - Stephen Black.  A literacy worker's analysis of corrections education and literacy over a span of year.  


Justice Distance Learning Consortium, whose mission it is to provide accessibility, resources and opportunities for students and teachers to use distance learning to literally redefine the educational process in correctional institutions.
questionable headline, interesting event -  For ex-cons, job picture is never good

Read a Book, Get Out of Jail, Leah Price, New York Times, February 26, 2009


State Correctional Education Programs - State Policy Update March 2002. Michelle Tolbert. EDPubs document EX0169P.  Also available as a PDF file at http://www.nifl.gov/nifl/policy/st_correction_02.pdf ; "provides background on the criminal justice system, summarizes the funding sources, correctional philosophy, and laws affecting state correctional  education programs, and describes the adult prison population today. In addition, the Update reviews the various components of correctional education, discusses the benefits of education to inmates, and highlights correctional education initiatives in three states - Maryland, Ohio, and Texas.
URI professor helps prisons make corrections - URI professor Leo Carroll consults with RI prisons administrators.


Women in Prison, issues of gender

Correctional Service of Canada: Women Offender Programs and Issues - descriptions of programs for incarcerated women and well as full-text online reports re: women, violence, abuse and incarceration.

Interview with Susan Rosenberg upon her release from prison - Deomcracy NOW! radio broadcast, January 23, 2001.

Evolution of Activists:  Prison Women's Writings as Change Agent for their Communities -  Irene C. Baird
Abstract: Within the context of a Freirian/humanities adult education program for incarcerated women, 1972 militant  women's poetry serendipitously precipitated the emergence of an activist perspective among "repeaters" for effecting change  within their community, confirming theoretical constructs regarding the development of a confident, meaningful "voice" for  social engagement.

Justice Now -  Justice Now works with women prisoners and local communities to build a safe, compassionate world without prisons.

Center applauds NYPD changes designed to improve treatment of transgender and gender non-conforming people - from Out at the Center.

Not Part of My Sentence: Violations of the rights of women in custody -- Amnesty International report describing violations of the internationally guaranteed human rights of women incarcerated in the United States

Low Newton -  Adrian Clarke, in the Paris Review, encodes narratives and makes photos of formerly incarcerated women here.

Prison Activist Resource Center on women

Unlocking Options for Women: A Survey of Women in Cook County Jail
On October 31, 2001, 60 members of the Chicago Coalition for the Homeless  conducted in-depth, one-on-one surveys with 235 of the 1,117 women detained in Cook County Jail. The majority of women surveyed were homeless upon entering the system and only 8 percent report having a home to go to upon release. Women surveyed were survivors of child abuse; sexual assault and domestic violence at two and three times the national average. Many women have substance abuse histories or emotional and mental health problems, possibly linked to prior experiences of abuse, for which they could not access treatment and care. 34 % of women surveyed were regularly involved in prostitution either for a survival need such as a place to stay and a meal, or to satisfy an untreated addiction. These women are even more likely to be survivors of violence and face increased rates of detention. 29 percent of women said they had an application denied or were cut-off from government assistance in the 12 months prior to entering jail. The most common reason for being denied or cut-off was missing an appointment with a caseworker. As one woman stated, "If I was getting the benefits that I needed, I wouldn't have been in the situation to commit the crimes." A copy of this study, Unlocking Options for Women, can be obtained at http://www.chicagohomeless.org. or contact Samir Goswami at 312-435-4548.



The online version of Women in Action No. 3, 2003, issue on Women in Prisons.


Women and Prison by Rebecca Tuhus-Dubrow - Article from The Nation (March 25, 2004) with links to other relevant resources.

Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1830-1930 - editorial projects of primary documents addressing the history of women in reform movements in the U.S.  http://womhist.binghamton.edu

Women and Prison information from Orchard Recovery Center


Women's Prison Association and Home - "a nonprofit agency working to create opportunities for change in the lives of women prisoners, ex-prisoners, and their families. WPA provides programs through which women acquire the life skills necessary to end their involvement in the criminal justice system and to make positive, healthy choices for themselves and their families."
Writings from Women on the Inside -  anthology of poems and stories by women incarcerated at the Washington Corrections Center for Women The writing was produced in "Keeping the Faith" workshops by a Seattle-based performance ensemble, the Pat Graney Company..


parents, families, youth

Amachi: Mentoring Children of Prisoners in Philadelphia  from PUBLIC/PRIVATE VENTURES  - A unique partnership of secular and faith-based institutions, Amachi recruits volunteers from congregations to mentor children of prisoners.  Looking at the role of the church in community, the report explores the implications of the Amachi experience for policymakers, funders, and others interested in starting similar programs.  Amachi is a West African word that means “who knows but what God has brought us through this child.



Benefiting from Public Health and Corrections Partnerships - holistic approaches to reentry, from corrections.com

Children of Incarcerated Parents - the number of children by neighborhood of people sentenced to the Adult Correctional Institute in 2006. In 2006, 1,198 Providence residents were sentenced to the Adult Correctional Institute. Information submitted upon entry indicates 1,516 children.

Families against Mandatory Minimums Foundation
-  national nonprofit organization founded in 1991 to challenge inflexible and excessive penalties required by mandatory sentencing laws. FAMM promotes sentencing policies that give judges the discretion to distinguish between defendants and sentence them according to their role in the offense, seriousness of the offense and potential for rehabilitation. FAMM's 25,000 members include prisoners and their families, attorneys, judges, criminal justice experts and concerned citizens.
Families in Crisis, Inc. - founded to stabilize the family in crisis and to provide meaningful opportunities for change.  We focus on the dynamics of the family unit and the significant role that family relationships play to help offenders rebuild their lives. 
Family Justice - national not for profit organization with a mission is to identify, apply, and disseminate effective practices in using family supports to improve the success of individuals under justice system supervision and, in so doing, to enhance the well-being of their families.

from National Public Radio:
A Youth Spent in Prison - Following the Story of Jeremy Armstrong, Imprisoned Since Age 16

A Nation Behind Bars - coverage from the Washington Post, Sunday, April 13, 2003; Page B06



Parenting from Behind the Walls
- by Julee Newberger. "Through a family literacy program, books become links between incarcerated parents and children. And learning together becomes a part of families' everyday lives," at Connect for Kids

Mothers in Jail - September, 1999, Connect for Kids

Family Ties, through Prison Walls - March, 2005, Kris Dickon, Connect for Kids

Parents and Children:   1.5 million U.S. children have at least one parent in jail - overview of  article "Nearly 1.5 million American children have a parent who is in a state or federal prison -- in line with the nation's record prison population, a U.S. Department of Justice study finds. Many of these parents report that their children have not visited them..." with additional relevant links.



Arts and Prison

A Journey of Discouragement and Hope: An Introduction to Arts  and Corrections  by Grady Hillman. A reflection on pboth disheartening and promising trends in arts and corrections over the past several years; (one of a number of writings on arts and corrections at Community Arts Network

Maintaining Humanity: Grady Hillman talks about arts programs in correctional settings - 1996 interview

C.D. Wright: Poems born in prison - In "One Big Self: Prisoners of Louisiana," poet and Professor of English C.D. Wright portrays voices and stories of incarcerated persons in three Louisiana penal institutions. Of the state prison at Angola - The Farm - Wright says, "If not for the wire and the guardhouse, you could think you were at a college."

Community Arts Training- resources for utilizing arts in community work, as well as specific links to arts and corrections

Ed Griffin - writer and educator Ed Griffin shares his writing and that of participants in creative writing workshops he teachers at Matsqui Prison, a medium security prison in Western Canada.

HANDKERCHIEF ART FROM PRISON - "Thousands of inmates in prisons across the United States  mail drawings and paintings done on handkerchiefs to loved ones on the outside  every day. Folded and enclosed in  envelopes which are often decorated as well, handkerchiefs depicting cartoon  characters, religious themes, tattoo  patterns, dedications to friends who have  passed, depiction’s of prison life and  visions of places outside the prison walls become an integral vehicle for affirming the  artist’s existence to the outside world." Artworks on 100 handkerchiefs from artists in Connecticut's prisons are on view in "Handkerchief Art from Prison," an exhibition at Hygienic  Galleries in New London, Conn., through May 21, 2000.  [note: this exhibit had been removed from the site; but check the existing link to its archives]

If not art, then what?  - on arts programs in Pennsylvania,  California and New York, three states that provide arts programs for their inmates.



InsideOUT Writers
and the Alethos Foundation  -  California-based writing project, with the mission, "performed by professional writers [of teaching] creative writing to incarcerated and at-risk youth so as to discourage youth violence, building in its place a spirit of honest introspection, respect of others, and a love of learning."  One participant's in-depth description of and response to doing that work appears in True Notebooks, by Mark Salzman

The Medea Project- theatre for incarcerated women; part of the San Francisco-based arts organiziation Cultural Odyssey

The Penal Lexicon -   information on matters concerned with prisons, criminal justice and penal affairs. Primarily the focus is on prisons in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.  Includes information on arts, women and other aspects of prison work and education.

Prison, Art and Some Myths -   PERSIMMON BLACKBRIDGE,  LYN MACDONALD, and MICHELLE CHRISTIANSON

Prison Creative Arts Project of the University of Michigan, "committed to original work in the arts in Michigan Correctional Facilities. Our purpose is to enhance creative opportunities for inmates and to bring them the benefits and skills that come with each art. We attempt to provide the best possible and most
positive programs, and we work closely with each facility to ensure that this happens."

Rhode Island  Training school  http://www.brown.edu/Departments/IESE/Projects/RITS/
and connected work at AS 220 http://www.as220.org/as220/weblog/access/bss.html?seemore=y



Shakespeare Behind Bars: The Power of Drama in a Women's Prison
(St. Martin's 2001) Jean Trounstine. Middlesex Community College

Martina Jackson's Shakespeare in Jail program, Suffolk County House of Correction
Shakespeare in Jail, part two



Space in Prison for the Arts and Creative Expression
(SPACE) was founded in 1992 by a group of women from Brown University interested in working in the Women's Division of the Rhode Island Adult Correctional Institution. After 6 years of experimentation and evolution, the program has grown to offer both theater, creative writing, and visual arts workshops to inmates of the medium and minimum security facilities, the drug rehabilitation program, and the Training School for juveniles.

an article about SPACE, initially posted at the now-defunct at idealistoncampus -
http://www.idealist.org/ioc/nftn-space.html

What I Want my Words to do to You - POV documentary by Madeleine Gavin, Judith Katz, and Gary  Sunshine to air December 16, 2003: "The film focuses on a writing group led by Eve Ensler at the Bedford Hills Correctional Facility. Ensler's classes have given birth to a powerful writing community in which women from strikingly different strata of society, all of whom are  serving long sentences, help each other tell their  stories. The film documents both the ... personal journey undertaken by the inmates to find and understand the words they need to use, and the power of those words to move the wider world. "

books

The Orange in the Orange : A Novella & Two Stories by Fielding Dawson, Jan 1995 - author draws on his experiences as facilitator of prison writing program

"Disguised as a Poem: My Years Teaching Poetry at San Quentin"  by writer Judith Tannenbaum,  September 2000 from Northeastern University Press. "As invigorating as it is tragic, the book takes the reader inside the northern California penal facility and into the lives of the men who live there. In her preface, available this month in the Reading Room on the CAN Web site, Tannenbaum talks about how prison arts programs work and what is expected of them, and about the joys and challenges of asking incarcerated people to 'shape their deepest vision into word, image, sound or movement, thus encouraging the birth of creative expression in another human being.'"


Criminal Conversations: an anthology of the work of oral historian, Tony Parker

Doing Time: 25 Years of Prison Writing-A PEN American Center Prize Anthology Bell Gale Chevigny (Editor), et al / Hardcover / Published 1999

Prison Writing : In 20th-Century America H. Bruce Franklin(Editor), Tom Wicker / Paperback / Published 1998



Prisons and Social Justice

Amnesty International's Prison initiative

Article19.net - Working for a Human Right to Communicate.

The Gatekeeper: Watch on the INS by Alisa Solomon Detainees Equal Dollars - The Rise in Immigrant Incarcerations drives a prison boom, The Village Voice,  August 14 - 20, 2002  (see also other archived articles by Solomon re: incarceration and immigration)

Jails and Prisons - compilation of articles from the Nation

JUSTINFO, published the 1st and 15th of each month, highlights information from the NCJRS sponsoring agencies
and is organized by topic and type of resource.  Go to the April 15, 2003 issue to learn more about Justice Info, and to subscribe.

Every Mothers Son - "In the late 1990s, three victims of police brutality made headlines around the country: Amadou Diallo, the young West African man whose killing sparked intense public protest; Anthony Baez, killed in an illegal choke-hold; and Gary (Gidone) Busch, a Hasidic Jew shot and killed outside his Brooklyn home. "Every Mother's Son" tells of the victims' three mothers who came together to demand justice and accountability."

Legislative Changes on Felony Disenfranchisement  From: THE SENTENCING PROJECT
This new report documents significant reform of felony  disenfranchisement laws in recent years. From 1996 to 2003, eight  states have removed barriers to voting for persons with felony  convictions, seven of them for ex-felons. The study finds an  estimated 471,000 persons are now eligible to vote in the most
heavily impacted states and indicates a strong movement nationally  toward reform of these laws.



National Alliance for Radical Prison Reform
- Georgia-based group with the following mission: Repeal "three-strikes"-type legislation, harsh juvenile crime laws and other laws that target poor and and powerless people for incarceration; Advocate for prisoners' human rights and those of theirfamilies, and Promote programs for the re-entry, re-enfranchisement and economic self-sufficiency of former prisoners. (August, 2005 - all traces of NARPP sites have been removed from the web)

October 29, 2003 (Vol. 38, No. 5)  No more prisons  The movement for prison abolition demands a new form of intellectual and  political literacy  by Sharon Luk in the San Francisco Bay Literary Supplement.


Prison Justice.ca -
website for prison justice organizing in Vancouver, BC; a project of the Vancouver Prisoners' Justice Day Committee, Joint Effort and Books 2 Prisoners.

Prison Reform Unity Project

Terror and torture - Hendrik Hertzberg, in the New Yorker, March 24, 2003

Terrorism and the constitution : sacrificing civil liberties in the name of national security  -  excerpts from the text by by David Cole and James X. Dempsey,  The New Press, 2002  [review, with relevant web links]



Colorlines Magazine: special issue on Prisons, Fall 1998

Critical Resistance  seeks to build an international movement to end the Prison Industrial Complex by challenging the belief that caging and controlling people makes us safe.

CURE - Citizens United for Rehabilitation of Errants, a non-profit nationwide organization dedicated to the reduction of crime through the reform of the criminal justice system. We are a prison and jail reform advocacy group headquartered in Washington, DC with chapters or affiliates in most states of the union.

Debt to Society - Mother Jones Magazine and Justice Policy Institute (July 2001).  Comprehensive analysis of corrections practice, health, education and policy.

Disproportionate Minority Confinement Resource Center -  project of the University of Iowa School of Social Work, with a mission of promoting family-centered, culturally responsive practice across human service systems through research and evaluation, training and technical assistance, and information dissemination.


Mass Imprisonment and the disappearing voters - Open Society Institute Forum focused on the impact of felony  disenfranchisement laws in the United States. Moderated by Marc Mauer—a panel of criminal and social justice experts debated the issue of mass imprisonment and whether people convicted of felonies who have served their time should have the right to vote.

New Inmate Population Figures Demonstrate Need for Policy Reform  [July, 2003] from THE SENTENCING PROJECT -  2-page  analysis of new Justice Department figures, which show a 2.6% rise in the national prison population, documents that a number of states have enacted sentencing and drug policy reforms in recent years, but that these have not offset the long-term impact of other harsh sentencing policies.  The SENTENCING PROJECT is an independent source of criminal justice policy analysis, data and program information for the public and policy-makers

Mumia Abu-Jamal - numerous sites focused on writings, alerts and information on the struggle to free Mumia Abu-Jamal

The Prisons Foundation - "nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting the arts and education behind bars and to working for law  and prison reform. We publish a bimonthly periodical entitled, Freedom Now! which is popular among men and women in prison and those who  care about them."

Prison Issues Desk - part of the Prison activists' resource center, committed to exposing and challenging the institutionalized racism of the criminal injustice system and to further developing anti-racism as individuals and throughout our organization.  Also includes subscription to listserv.

prison | release - Spring 2002 Alumnae Magazine of Sarah Lawrence College focused on programs in prisons and their participants.



Prisons, Policy  and Criminal Justice

The Center on Crime, Communities and Culture - The Open Society Institute Criiminal Justice Initiative

Crime and Justice Electronic Data Abstracts --DOJ BJS [.zip, .wk1] from the Bureau of Justice Statistics

Rehabilitating Criminal Justice -  including "new support for creative diversion, treatment, parole and re-entry policies" - articles from The American Prospects Special  Report on Criminal Justice Reform

SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN PRISONS - 80% of the 1.7 million men and women behind bars are seriously involved with drug and alcohol abuse and the crime it spawns.

The National Center on Institutions and Alternatives - mission: "to help create a society in which all persons who come into contact with human service or correctional systems are provided an environment of individual care, concern and treatment. NCIA is dedicated to developing quality programs and professional services that advocate timely intervention and unconditional care."

National Criminal Justice Reference Service

National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

The Prison Index: Taking the Pulse of the Crime Control Industry, from  Prison Policy Initiative.

The Secret Weapon of 2008 - Felon re-enfranchisement trends across the country, Slate, Friday, April 27, 2007


prison industrial complex

BEHIND BARS: DOC puts budget squeeze on inmates by Steven Stycos, Providence Phoenix, December 5 - 11, 2003

Corrections Connections - online resource for corrections news and information; industry site

Corrections Corp of America - CCA, corrections management, investment opportunities.

google search:  Corrections Corporation of American  "cca + prisons", including numerous articles from numerous sources (e.g. Corporation Watch, and,: Prisons for Profit - December 99 article by Shirley Pasholk describing the increased use of prisoners as below-minimum-wage workers and even as strikebreakers by U.S. corporations).  Also see Christian Parenti's Lockdown America and Vijay Prashad's Keeping Up with the Dow Joneses, in which "Prashad examines the contradictions of the American economy. He assesses a range of related issues:the oft-vaunted US economy, propped up by the rising debt of poor and middle-class workers; welfare policies that punish those attempting to escape the grip of debt  and poverty; and a prison industry that regulates and houses the unemployed, as well as a reserve army of laborers."

Private prisons on the rise   "As state governments eagerly transferred prisoners to the private sector, the country's largest for-profit prison company became known as "a theme stock for the nineties." That was before the stabbings, killings and escape of five convicted murderers from an overcrowded CCA facility in Youngstown, Ohio, in 1999. Inmates sued and won a $1.65 million settlement. The for-profit experiment seemed in peril. Luckily for CCA and other private prisons, the Bush Administration came running to the rescue." (from The Nation).

Wackenhut  "Year after year, The Wackenhut Corporation delivers unrivaled business services to a growing list of commercial, industrial and government
organizations."  What exactly do they do


The National Park service presents Alcatraz Island - the official website.

Rhode Island Department of Corrections

RI DOC Inmate Handbook
http://www.doc.ri.gov/documents/Inmate%20Handbook%20507.pdf

Rhode Island Training school  http://www.dcyf.ri.gov/juvenile_corrections.php



last updated May 16, 2014

back to links

LR/RI home