Associate Professor of Political Science and Public Policy:
Phone: +1 401 863 1569
Phone 2: +1 401 863 2827
My scholarship focuses on representation in American politics. My recent work with Charles Stewart studies the indirect election of U.S. Senators in state legislatures (1871-1913)and the impact of the adoption of the 17th Amendment. I am co-author, with John G. Geer and Jeffrey A. Segal, of Gateways to Democracy, Introduction to American Government, 1st and 2nd editions. My other publications address Senate legislative behavior (modern & historical),geography, bicameralism, and trade politics.
A.B. the University of Chicago, legislative staff assistant to Senator Daniel P. Moynihan, legislative assistant to Governor Mario Cuomo, PhD University of Rochester. Fellowships at the Brookings Institution and Princeton University before arriving at Brown in August 1994.
For over a century of the nation's early history, United States senators were elected by state legislatures. Until the passage of the 17th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and the first popular senatorial elections in 1914, senatorial elections in the state legislatures forced an intense focus on state electoral politics. Any observer of national politics had to follow state elections in each of (eventually) 48 states and the internal organization of 48 separate state legislatures.
In the Senate Elections Data Project 1871-1913, we have gathered original data from 48 states on legislative rosters, length of service, chamber organization votes, party cohesion, and ballots for U.S. Senators for all Senate election held during that time.
We have a series of preliminary papers that address how effective party majorities were in securing victory for their preferred candidate, how and why conflict erupted over Senate elections leading to extended joint session balloting, and how the bicameral nature of state legislatures played a role in the extent of conflict in these elections. We expect a draft of our book manuscript in Spring 2013.
Fulbright Award: Spain, Senior Lecturer in American Politics, 2004-2005 (Declined)
Howard Foundation, paid semester leave, 1997-1998
Guest Scholar, The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C., September 1997-August 1998
Presidential Fellow, Salzburg Seminar, May 1996
Visiting Student, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, September 1993- September 1994
Research Fellow, The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C., September 1992 - September 1993
Editorial Board Member, Congress and the Presidency, 2007-2009
Editorial Board member, Legislative Studies Quarterly, 2004-2007
Editorial Board member, Journal of Politics, 2005-2008
Legislative Studies, division chair, American Political Science Association meetings, 2006
Member, 2005 Gladys M. Kammerer Award Committee for the best political science book in the field of U.S. national policy
Legislative Politics section head, Midwest Political Science Association 2002 meetings
American Politics section head, New England Political Science Association 2001 meetings
Secretary-Treasurer, Legislative Studies Section, American Political Science Association 1998-2001
Council member, New England Political Science Association, 1999-2003
Member, 1996 Richard F. Fenno Jr. Prize Committee for best book in legislative politics
Member, Brookings Research Fellow Selection Committee, 1997-1998
Reviewer, American Political Science Review, American Journal of Political Science, Journal of Politics, Congress and the Presidency, Political Research Quarterly, Legislative Studies Quarterly, American Politics Quarterly, National Science Foundation, Cambridge University Press, Brookings Institution Press, and Ohio State University Press
Introduction to the American Political Process
This course is designed to be an introduction to the American political process, broadly defined. We cover topics including but not limited to: Congress, Media, Interest Groups, Budget, Presidency, Public Opinion, Courts, Bureaucracy, and Agenda Setting.
Students are asked to track elections and incumbent career performance, and analyze them in the context of media, interest group, and executive branch pressures.
2009 enrollment: 107 students.
The American Presidency
This course covers all facets of the American Presidency, including but not limited to: nomination process, general election campaign, cabinet formation, interactions with Congress and the Supreme Court, foreign policy and military actions, communications strategies, major policy initiation, and policy implementation.
2009 enrollment: 252 students.
Philosophy of the Founding Freshman Seminar
This course is designed to explore the ideas and beliefs that served to influence key actors in our nation's founding. The course relies on primary source materials, including the writings of Charles Montesquieu, John Adams, Abigail Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Mercy Warren. The course focuses on the expectations underlying the construction of the new American republic and students are asked to assess the relevance and flexibility of our governance structure as it stands today.
2009 enrollment: 17 students.
Topics in American Institutions
A seminar open to graduate students and advanced undergraduates. The course is essentially a survey course of the best work published in the last 2-3 years in the top 4 political science journals. The course is organized around subfields within the larger category of American institutions, e.g. Presidency, state legislatures, interest groups. Students are asked to critique and analyze sophisticated and complex questions, which are answered using advanced quantitative and qualitative methods.
2009 enrollment: 6 students
Congress and Public Policy
This course deals with the internal structure, procedure and politics of the U.S. Congress, congressional elections, minority representation, as well as its relationship with external forces, particularly the President. It covers existing literature on Congress, both the House and the Senate, and assesses current congressional policy making in the context of this literature.
Political and Economic History of Congress
This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive approach to studying the formation of congressional public policy from an economic and geographic viewpoint over time. Topics include trade policy, banking and credit policy, immigration, and civil rights and students are asked to integrate Voteview (roll call voting) and GIS/Arcview to analyze roll call voting in Congress over time. The course traces the development of federal policies in these issues from the early 19th century to the present day.
National Science Foundation (NSF) collaborative research: "The U.S. Senate Election Data Base, 1871-1913," $212,156 (2005-2007); collaborator with Professor Charles Stewart III (MIT), who also received $212, 156 (total grant award $424,312)
Salomon Fund Research Award, Brown University, The Political Geography of Power, 2001-2004; $10,500
Salomon Fund Research Award, Brown University, Cooperation and Competition within Senate Delegations 1997-1999; $6,500
Group Research Project (GRP), Political Geography and Coalition Formation, Brown University; 2001-2002 $5,000
- 2011 Congress & History Conference
- Senate Delegation Dynamics in an Age of Party Polarization
- The 100th Anniversary of the 17th Amendment: A Promise Unfulfilled?