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Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology
Ministry of Culture excavation at Tongobriga

 

 

Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology & the Ancient World
Brown University
Box 1837 / 60 George Street
Providence, RI 02912
Telephone: (401) 863-3188
Fax: (401) 863-9423
Joukowsky_Institute@brown.edu

The Iron Age Castro Culture (Cultura Castrejo, Cultura Castrexa, Cultura castreña) begins toward the end of the Bronze Age in the 9th cent. BCE. It is characterized by walled villages with circular huts. It is found in the northwest of the Iberian peninsula and it continues until the 1st century CE. Beginning with the second cent. BCE an increasing Roman influence on the culture can be detected. Grains, vegetables and fruit were harvested. As domesticated animals one kept cows, sheep and pigs. Mining and metallurgy played also an important role in a country that was and still is rich in metals.

Uploaded Image A visit to the Citânia de Sanfins

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Brown students were toured at Sanfins by the most eminent scholar of the Castro culture, Prof. Armando Coelho Ferreira da Silva

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Balnearium of the Citânia de Briteiros

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Uploaded Image Citânia Santa Tecla, Reconstruction