handling requires routine inspections of chemical storage areas
and maintenance of stringent inventory control. The inherent
hazards of chemicals can be reduced by minimizing the quantity
of chemicals on hand. However, when chemicals must be used,
proper storage and handling can reduce or eliminate associated
risks. All chemical storage areas and cabinets should be inspected
at least annually and any unwanted or expired chemicals should
access to chemical storage areas to authorized personnel only.
all containers of hazardous chemicals are properly labeled
with the identity of the hazardous chemical(s) and appropriate
all incompatible chemicals. Detailed instructions and resources
to assist in segregating incompatible chemicals into storage
groups may be obtained by following Steps 1-5 in the Chemical
Storage and Compatibility section of this web site
and by utilizing the resources listed on the side of this
should be stored no higher than eye level and never on the
top shelf of a storage unit. Do not overcrowd shelves and
ensure that they are sturdy.
store chemicals on the floor (unless they are placed into
secondary containment trays) and kept from extending into
should be stored in unbreakable or double-contained packaging,
or the storage cabinet should have the capacity to hold the
contents if the container breaks.
acids in a dedicated acid cabinet.
highly toxic or controlled materials in a locked, dedicated
fume hoods should not be used for large volume storage since
containers may block proper air flow and reduce available
chemicals should be labeled and dated upon receipt in the
lab and on opening. This is especially important for peroxide-forming
chemicals such as ethers, dioxane, isopropanol, and tetrahydrofuran.
Solutions should be labeled and dated when prepared.
aid supplies, emergency phone numbers, eyewash and emergency
shower equipment, fire extinguishers, spill cleanup supplies
and personal protective equipment should be readily available
and personnel trained in their use.
stored in explosion-proof refrigerators or cold rooms shall
be sealed and labeled with the name of the person who stored
the material in addition to all other required hazard warnings.
all stored chemicals, especially flammable liquids, away from
heat sources and direct sunlight.