NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Vinylidene chloride CAS 75-35-4
CH2=CCl2 RTECS KV9275000
Synonyms & Trade Names
1,1-DCE; 1,1-Dichloroethene; 1,1-Dichloroethylene; VDC; Vinylidene chloride monomer; Vinylidene dichloride
DOT ID & Guide
1303 129P (inhibited)
Exposure
Limits
NIOSH REL: Ca See Appendix A
OSHA PEL: none
IDLH Ca [N.D.] Conversion
Physical Description
Colorless liquid or gas (above 89°F) with a mild, sweet, chloroform-like odor.
MW: 96.9
BP: 89°F
FRZ: -189°F
Sol: 0.04%
VP: 500 mmHg
IP: 10.00 eV

Sp.Gr: 1.21
Fl.P: -2°F
UEL: 15.5%
LEL: 6.5%

Class IA Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 73F and BP below 100F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Aluminum, sunlight, air, copper, heat [Note: Polymerization may occur if exposed to oxidizers, chlorosulfonic acid, nitric acid, or oleum. Inhibitors such as the monomethyl ether of hydroquinone are added to prevent polymerization.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1015; OSHA 19
Personal Protection & Sanitation
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid (See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration: (APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode/(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape: (APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, throat; dizziness, headache, nausea, dyspnea (breathing difficulty); liver, kidney disturbance; pneumonitis; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, kidneys

Cancer Site [in animals: liver & kidney tumors]
See also: INTRODUCTION