Date September 14, 2022

In first exhibition since 2020, Haffenreffer Museum to showcase modern West African art

The anthropology museum, reopened to the public for the first time since the COVID-19 pandemic, will display colorful, experimental art that provides insights on an era of political upheaval in Anglophone West Africa.

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — In 1982, amid an attempted coup that led to Ghana’s near-total economic collapse, Anne Blankson-Hemans tore up a bedsheet, stretched it over her own handmade wooden frame and painted a portrait of life in her Ghanaian market town.

Forty years later, her oil painting, “Alley at Ayigya,” is part of an exhibition at Brown University featuring art and traditional objects from times of political upheaval in Ghana, Nigeria and other West African countries that were once British colonies. 

The unique exhibition, called “‘A Verry Drunk Hunters Dream’: Modernist Expression in Africa,” opened on Thursday, Sept. 15, at Brown’s Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology and is the first to be held there since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. The exhibition was conceived in part by students at the Rhode Island School of Design, and was co-curated by Haffenreffer Museum Curator Thierry Gentis and RISD Professor Bolaji Campbell. 

Christina Hodge, associate director of the Haffenreffer Museum, said the exhibition captures a period in modern history when West African artists were mixing techniques from their ancestors and from Western countries to depict the upheaval they were witnessing.

Alley at Ayigya by Anne Blankson-Hemans
Blankson-Hemans painted "Alley at Ayigya" in 1982, after an attempted coup sent Ghana into economic and political upheaval. 
“The whole period was marked by an explosion of color and creativity, abstraction and modernism,” Hodge said. “Artists were creating work that portrayed things in an off-kilter, dreamlike way. They were inspired by the new media they were being exposed to during these eras of liberation and repatriation.”

That was certainly the case for Blankson-Hemans. With Ghana in dire economic straits, her art school was low on funds for supplies at the time, hence the ad-hoc bedsheet canvas. The school closed for an entire year in the midst of bitter political division and accusations of corruption, interrupting her undergraduate studies, she wrote in a blog post. Yet Blankson-Hemans remembers the time in which she painted “Alley at Ayigya” as a period of happiness and freedom, when she was studying Russian landscape painter Isaac Levitan and experimenting with impressionistic techniques. 

The artist forgot all about the painting, she wrote, until she received a message from RISD student Jack English in Spring 2022. As part of a course called “Curating the Modern,” English explained, he and his classmates were developing their own exhibition of modern and contemporary art from Nigeria and Ghana. The student wanted to know more about the painting’s provenance.

“The memories came flooding back thick and fast as though it were yesterday,” Blankson-Hemans wrote. She recalled specific subjects in the painting: “It wasn’t just the memory of the man, drunk and half asleep, trying to balance on an incline… it was also the memory of the small plank of wood that made up the makeshift footbridge.”

Hodge said that the exhibition’s namesake, “A Verry Drunk Hunters Dream,” was also created in a turbulent time in West Africa. The massive dyed-cloth artwork by Susanne Wenger, an Austrian-Nigerian artist and Yoruba priestess who died in 2009, features abstract scenes from dreams of a hunter who has indulged in too much palm wine, a staple beverage in Nigeria and Ghana. Wenger made it in the early 1960s amid Nigeria’s newfound independence from Britain’s colonial rule — a time, Hodge noted, of celebration and dreaming in that country.

Among the other eye-catching items in the collection are printed and woven textiles, wooden and metal sculptures, royal paraphernalia, plastic dolls and a “fantasy coffin” shaped like a fishing boat. Hodge explained that in coastal Ghana, some families commission artists to create coffins in unusual shapes — animals, cars, cigarettes — for their deceased relatives. The “fantasy coffins” have captivated the international art world so intensely that today, some artists create the coffins with art museums, not families, in mind.

“The ‘fantasy coffin’ in the Haffenreffer Museum’s collection is in the shape of a fishing boat and was probably intended for a fisherman,” Hodge said. “It was never used and ended up being sold into the folk art market. But what it depicts is something so fundamental to life in Ghana — fishing, the waterways, boat culture, fish market culture.” 

“ Artists were creating work that portrayed things in an off-kilter, dreamlike way. They were inspired by the new media they were being exposed to during these eras of liberation and repatriation. ”

Christina Hodge Associate Director, Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology

Hodge said the exhibition aims to break down a centuries-long separation between what is considered “art” and what is considered “anthropology.” According to Hodge, anthropology museums usually provide insight into global peoples and societies throughout history by showcasing objects like tools, religious symbols and clothing that date back many centuries or millennia. But they rarely showcase art created in the last 100 years, even though modern and contemporary creations can also provide unique perspectives on societal shifts.

“What anthropology museums collect are the creative expressions of people from all over the world, but they tend to focus on the distant past,” Hodge said. “When you take art by an energetic group of late-20th-century artists who were experimenting during a time of unrest, and you mix that with objects that come from another time of disruption by colonialism, you can tell a really compelling story about Nigerian and Ghanaian history. I think that’s why it’s worth breaking down that barrier between art and anthropology."

The exhibition opens on Thursday, Sept. 15, and runs through June 2023 at the Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, located in Manning Hall on Brown’s Quiet Green. The museum will host a free, public opening reception on Sept. 15 at 6 p.m. The museum is open Thursdays through Sundays from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. and by appointment. The exhibition is free and open to the public. For more information, visit