News & Events
Nov1412:00pmMetcalf Research Building
THIS TALK HAS BEEN CANCELLED. Perception & Action Seminar Series. Speaker: Dr. Dagmar Sternad, Northeastern University.
Nov152:00pmMetcalf Research Building
Michael S. Goodman ’74 Memorial Seminar Series. Speaker: Max Krasnow, Harvard University. Title: Psychology inserts the self into third party punishment. Abstract: Humans regularly intervene in others’ conflicts, even as uninvolved third-parties. Third-party intervention has been extensively studied using the third-party punishment game in which a third-party punisher can pay a personal cost to punish a ‘dictator’ who treated a ‘recipient’ poorly. Because the game is played anonymously and once, punishers are thought to have no rational, strategic reasons to intervene on the recipient’s behalf. Nonetheless, punishers often punish dictators who treat recipients poorly. This result is at the center of a controversy over human social evolution: did this punishment evolve to produce group-wide or personal benefits? We will describe the results of four studies suggesting the latter. We find that although there was thought to be no personal relevance for punishers in the dictator’s actions, those who punish are those who find it personal. People punish the dictator more when they infer the dictator would treat them poorly as well. Further, we find it is this inference in specific, and not the inference of how the dictator would continue to mistreat the recipient, that upregulates punishment. Moreover, manipulations that sever this inference diminish punishment; when punishers were manipulated to no longer infer personal mistreatment from the mistreatment of recipient, they punish much less. Finally, 3rd party punishment appears to signal the punisher’s likelihood to punish on her own behalf more than the reverse. The results of these studies suggest that the psychology of third party punishment is designed for interpersonal bargaining and the deterrence of personally relevant bad behavior.
Nov1812:00pmMetcalf Research Building
Michael S. Goodman ’74 Memorial Seminar Series. Speaker: Helen Tager-Flusberg, Boston University. Title: Explorations of Language in Autism. Abstract: Although language impairment is no longer a cardinal feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), it remains one of the strongest predictors of long-term outcomes. In this presentation I will first present the heterogeneity of language profiles in ASD and their neural foundations. I will then summarize our work on the earliest neural predictors of language in ASD based on studies of infant siblings and toddlers with ASD using EEG and fNIRS. I will end with a discussion of our most recent work on older minimally verbal children focusing on some of the underlying mechanisms that might explain why they fail to acquire spoken language.
Dec512:00pmMetcalf Research Building
Perception & Action Seminar Series. Speaker: Dr. Michael Dickinson, California Institute of Technology. Title: TBA
Jan293:00pmMetcalf Research Building
Speaker: Brian Nosek, University of Virginia. Title: TBA
Apr83:00pmMetcalf Research Building
Speaker: Daniel Jurafsky, Stanford University. Title: TBA
Apr293:00pmMetcalf Research Building
Speaker: Anna Papafragou, University of Delaware. Title: TBA