Criminal-justice reform

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – An outcome-based approach could be more effective than the current criminal-justice system, which punishes all like crimes equally. In "What If America Approached Crime Like Treating a Disease?" in The Atlantic,  Professor of Social Sciences Glenn Loury, who participated in a panel on the subject at the Aspen Ideas Festival, notes there are self-interested behaviors in a variety of forms in the current system, impeding efforts to pursue a new system.
(Distributed September 9, 2016)

Air pollution and preterm births

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – Air pollution has been linked to decreases in birth weight, and it may also factor in preterm births. Professor of Epidemiology and Obstetrics and Gynecology David Savitz has co-authored a study examining more than 258,000 births in New York City. In "The Uncertain Relationship between Air Pollution and Risk of Preterm Birth" in Environmental Health Perspectives, Savitz says that if air pollution is a factor, better regulations could help with the prevention of preterm births.
(Distributed September 9, 2016)

Prenatal testing

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – New prenatal screening tests are able to provide more information with less risk, but the advances can also open doors for mis-use of the information. In "Pandora's Baby: How a New Type of Prenatal Genetic Testing Could Predict Your Child," which Professor of Economics Emily Oster authored for TIME, Oster says implementing the new cell-free fetal DNA testing could lead to a loss of control over how the information is used.
(Distributed September 2, 2016)

Milwaukee and economic development

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] – The riots following the police shooting death of Sylville Smith turned attention to Milwaukee, one of the most racially segregated cities in the country. Professor of Sociology John Logan says in VOA's "In Wake of Riots, Milwaukee Looks Inward for Solutions" that little has been done to target economic development that would have an "impact on the low income inner city or minority communities."
(Distributed September 2, 2016)
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